Hydroelectricity – A Reliable Source of Clean Energy

Hydroelectricity A Reliable Source of Clean Energy

Hydroelectricity, or water-powered energy production, is the world’s most widely utilized renewable source of electricity. In 2012 alone, it accounted for almost 18% of global energy production capacity.

Hydroelectric plants are the most common type, using dams to store river water behind a wall and release it when necessary for changing electricity demands or other uses. Grand Coulee, located in Washington state, is the largest such facility, producing 6.8 GW annually.


Hydroelectricity is a reliable and sustainable source of clean energy that’s both environmentally friendly and cost-effective. Additionally, it helps support other variable forms of renewable energy like wind or solar power.

Hydropower facilities use water that flows through pipes into a powerhouse, where it spins turbines to generate electricity. These can either be run-of-the-river systems or reservoirs created by dams.

Hydropower plants depend on seasonal changes in precipitation as well as long-term events like droughts. Furthermore, many of these facilities are situated at high altitudes where large bodies of water have a very high gravitational potential energy.


Dams can provide a reliable source of clean energy by storing water in reservoirs. These reservoirs may be utilized for many purposes such as hydroelectric power generation, irrigation and river navigation.

Some dams feature outlet works that permit water to be drawn down continuously or as needed from a reservoir. After being drawn down, this water can then be discharged into rivers below the dam or run through generators for hydroelectric power production.

Reservoirs are used for flood control, recreation and irrigation. They can be constructed out of concrete, earth and rock fill or a combination of both materials.

Dams can fundamentally change the course of rivers and impact aquatic life. For instance, they trap sediment and bury essential food and habitat features like gravel, logs and rock in their wake; furthermore they fragment riverbeds by disorienting migrating fish during migration.


Water turbines are an dependable source of clean energy. They work by converting the kinetic energy of falling water into mechanical and electrical energy.

Water’s energy falls into a turbine, rotates its shaft and turns a generator that converts that kinetic energy into electricity that can be sent to homes and businesses.

These plants provide a clean source of renewable energy that doesn’t pollute the surrounding area like coal-fired power plants do. Furthermore, they help keep the electricity grid balanced as demand for electricity fluctuates throughout the day.

Hydro turbines come in two varieties, impulse and reaction water turbines. Which type is selected for a project depends on its available water head and flow rate.


Hydroelectricity is one of the most dependable sources of clean energy. It can be produced anywhere water is flowing.

Hydroelectricity is then transmitted to the electrical grid, making it a sustainable source of energy due to its 100% renewable nature.

Hydropower facilities not only generate power, but they also store it, using “pumped storage” (water batteries). This is essential since electricity demands don’t remain consistent throughout the day.

Hydroelectricity stands in contrast to solar and wind power, which produce electricity when the sun shines or winds blow. Hydroelectricity stores excess energy in large, stationary reservoirs, enabling it to adjust quickly according to changing demands for clean, affordable energy. This allows it to remain competitively priced despite increasing environmental concerns.